We have endeavored to survey "The Twelve" maintaining the following proposition as our aim:
That we may gain a deeper appreciation of God’s holiness and severity against all sin, so that we may grow in our esteem of Christ and treasure Him more.
You will find content and media that was presented in this series below.
|Meaning of Name||Prophet||Book|
|Hosea||"Salvation"||Illustrator of Enduring Love||Restoring Grace: God’s Loyal Love|
|Joel||"Yahweh is God"||Preacher of Repentance||The Coming of the Day of the Lord|
|Amos||"Burden-bearer"||Covenant Reformer||Injustices Demanding Justice|
|Obadiah||"Servant of Yahweh"||Preacher of Poetic Justice||Prophet of Poetic Justice|
|Jonah||"Dove"||Messenger of Grace||God is Gracious and Merciful|
|Micah||"Who Is Like Yahweh"||Attorney of Social Injustice and Spiritual Infection||Crisis and the Christ|
|Nahum||"Comfort"||Prophet of Justice and Mercy||Justice and Mercy|
|Habakkuk||"One who Embraces"||Theologian of Faith||Trust in God who is Holy|
|Zephaniah||"Yahweh Hides"||Royal Prophet of Revival||The Judgment That Purifies|
|Haggai||"Festal One"||Prophet of Priorities||A Message of Misplaced Priorities|
|Zechariah||"Yahweh Remembers"||Major of the Minors & Herald of Christ||God Remembers: Messiah Will Come|
|Malachi||"My Messenger"||Messenger of the Covenant and Messiah||Messenger of the Covenant and Messiah|
This is a short article that offers a synopsis of The Twelve with special attention to the theological themes most clearly shared by each of the prophets.
Habakkuk means "One who embraces," a fitting name for the prophet who markedly calls for trust in the Lord who is holy. This theme is the title given to the book: Trust in God who is Holy. Habakkuk is the theologian of faith among the Twelve who asks the hard questions and addresses the perplexing matters of life. The question that characterizes the book, "How long, O Lord, shall I cry for help?" Habakkuk looks around and sees violence and injustice on every side. It seems that Nahum anticipates what Habakkuk precipitates. And all this just before the invasion of Babylon.
Zephaniah means "Yahweh hides," and may incorporate a word play on his name in 2:3. If Zephaniah is the great-great-grandson of King Hezekiah of Judah, then he is the only prophet of royal descent, which is why we may refer to him as the Royal Prophet of Revival. The title given to the book: The Judgment That Purifies. With Nineveh still in the future, Zephaniah presents an unmistakable prophecy that sin will be dealt with on a large scale.
Haggai means "Festal One," possibly relating to his time of birth. Haggai is a contemporary of Zechariah, though is elder. Haggai preaches a message of misplaced priorities and affections, which is why we may refer to him as the Prophet of Priorities. Consistent with this theme, the title given to the book: A Message of Misplaced Priorities. This prophecy directs attention to the reconstruction of the temple of the Lord, since it was central to Israel's whole covenantal life. It was center to sacrifice, the priestly office, and worship. Beyond these essentials, it served as a symbol of Israel's spiritual identity and as a reminder of the person, power, and presence of God.
Zechariah means "Yahweh Remembers," which is the theme that dominates the book. Zechariah is a contemporary of Haggai, and like his predecessors, Jeremiah and Ezekiel, he is of priestly lineage. Zechariah stands out as a great prophet, whom we may consider the major of the minors. More than any other of the Twelve, Zechariah publishes the clearest, most explicit, and greatest quantity of prophecies concerning Christ. For this reason, he takes on the likeness of Isaiah among the Twelve. Combining these features of the prophet and his prophecy, the title given to the book is God Remembers: Messiah Will Come. The prophecy has two aims: (1) to attest to Yahweh's covenant faithfulness and (2) to promote spiritual revival. The summary exhortation of the prophecy is to call upon the Lord with a humble heart.
Malachi means "My Messenger" and may be short for "Yahweh's Messenger." Malachi is the last book not only among the Twelve, but the last voice of the entire disclosure of inspired holy Scripture before the revelation of Christ. Malachi is the only prophet to end his prophecy with judgment. This is a striking situation since Malachi serves as the prelude to the gripping silence of 400 years; this prophecy is the cloud that will linger over the house of Israel, as the last note of her need in anticipation of her Messiah. The title given to the book is Messenger of the Covenant and Messiah.